This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is an occupational name for a tender of cattle, deriving from the Middle English "calfhirde", a development of the Olde English pre 7th Century "calf" meaning calf, plus "hierde", herdsman. Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The surname is now most widespread in North and North East England and in Northern Ireland. The surname dates back to the mid 13th Century (see below), and early recordings include: William Calvehird (1297) in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire, and John Calverde of York (1309), in the Calendar of Letter Books of the City of London.
Variations in the spelling of the surname include Calverd and Calvard. London Church Records list the marriage of Edward Calverd to Margaret Drake on May 10th 1590, and of George Calvert to Anne Mynne on November 22nd 1604 at St. Peter's, Cornhill. A Coat of Arms granted to a Calvert family is black, on an inescutcheon within an orle of silver owls, three black guttes. The Crest is a silver owl black guttee.
The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Warin le Calfhirde, which was dated 1269, in the "Feet of Fines of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Henry III, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272.
This very interesting name, widespread in the Suffolk region, is probably a variant of "Canham" which itself derives from "Cavenham", an English habitational name from a place of the same name in Suffolk. The placename itself, recorded "Canauatham" and "Kanauaham" in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is composed of the personal name "Cafa" which derived from the Old English "caf", meaning "bold, active", plus the second element, the Old English "edisc", an enclosure or pasture; hence placenames became a major factor in surname formation from the Middle Ages, when migration for the purpose of job seeking was becoming more common with people often taking their former village name as a means of identification. Robtus, son of Robti Cannam, was christened at Glemsford, Suffolk on April 19th 1553, while one Richardus Cannam married Margaretam Rowse on September 19th 1563, at Westhall, Suffolk. At St. Martin-le-Grand Liberty, London, Gertrude Conham married one Richard Halsie on May 13th 1575. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry de Cauenham, which was dated 1327, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King Edward III.
This interesting name, variations of which are Cobbe, Cobb, Cobson, and Copson, is of early medieval English origin, and is an example of the many early surnames that were gradually created during the Middle Ages from the habitual use of a nickname. In this instance, the nickname, or byname, recorded in Cornwall in 1201 as "Cobba", derives from a term meaning "lump", found in both Olde English and Old Norse, and used to denote a large, well built, impressive man. The equivalent byname in Old Norse is recorded as "Kobbi", and the examples of the surname Cobb or Cobbe found in the eastern counties of England are probably derived from this source. In some cases, the surname may represent a short form of the male personal name "Jacob", from the hebrew "Yaakov", which is traditionally held to mean "he supplanted", from the biblical story of Esau and Jacob. One Joseph Cobb was an early emigrant to the American colonies; he is recorded as a resident of Elizabeth City in Virginia in 1635, having arrived on the "Treasoror" in 1613.
The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Leuric Cobbe, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Essex, during the reign of King William I, known as "William the Conqueror", 1066 - 1087.
Do you have a Surname that you would like to see here. Please email us your suggestions and we will include it in the next update.
The Waddelow Society is a non profit Family History Group, established in 1988, interested in reasearching the Waddelow/Wadlow name.
This Website replaces our old freeserve
and blueyonder websites.
Site Created August 2011
Updated: 13th April 2017
Web Author: Susan F. Waterhouse (Secretary)
You are Visitor